The Female Triad

The Female Triad

The Female Triad is the name given to a unique combination of circumstances commonly found in female athletes that significantly increases their chance of developing a serious injury or illness.

The Female Triad is used to explain the relationship between how much energy is available, menstrual function and the effect these have on bone density. This can range from being healthy to developing a physical or psychological disease and needs to be recognised by healthcare professionals.

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Shoulder Impingement - The Symptom or the Source

Shoulder Impingement - The Symptom or the Source

If you ask any swimmer or overhead sport athlete, chances are they will have had some form of shoulder injury. Triathletes are no exception with swimming usually making up a percentage of their training. Recent research has defined “shoulder impingement” as a symptom of an injury rather than a type of injury itself. It is this fact that makes the correct diagnosis key to re-engaging athletes into swimming or other sports as quickly and safely as possible.

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